Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment

What is Type 2 Diabetes
Understanding Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes Signs & Symptoms
Managing or Avoiding Type 2 Diabetes
Difference Between Type 1 & Type 2 Diabetes
Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes
Causes and Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes
FaQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

What is Type 2 Diabetes

It's a condition in which your body does not make enough insulin or doesn't use insulin effectively. Your fasting blood sugar or glucose is 126 or higher & your hemoglobin A1C test is 6.5 or higher.
What is insulin?
It's a natural hormone that helps smooth blood sugar made from the food you eat into your cells. Without enough insulin, blood sugar builds up in the blood and your body doesn't get the energy it needs. The extra sugar also damages your heart and blood vessels, kidneys, eyes, and nerves. The good news is that diabetes can be controlled by working with your health care team eating healthy, exercising, and taking medications as prescribed are all things you can do to live well with diabetes.

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is too high, carbohydrates are substances your body uses to make energy after you eat food that contains carbohydrates. It eventually goes to your small intestine, in your small intestine the food is broken down into single sugar molecules(SSM) called 'Glucose'. The cells in your small intestine soak up the sugars which pass into your bloodstream when the blood reaches your pancreas it detects the high amount of sugar in your blood, normally this causes your pancreas to put a chemical called 'Insulin' into your bloodstream, the insulin reduces the amount of sugar in your blood to a healthy level.
Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment
How Does Insulin Do This?
As the blood moves through your body, the insulin and sugar exit the bloodstream into your tissues to reach your cells. Most cells have structures on their surfaces described 'Insulin receptors', when insulin flows by it attaches to the receptors the insulin acts like a key in a lock to open up the cell so the sugar can go inside. Now your cell can use the sugar to make the energy. It needs to work properly and your blood sugar level drops back to its normal range.

‣ If you have type 2 diabetes your cells don't respond to insulin as they should, this is called 'Insulin Resistance' when this happens your insulin cannot unlock the cells to let sugar in because the locks or insulin receptors are missing or aren't working. As a result, sugar is locked out of your cells when sugar can't get into your cells it builds up in your bloodstream this is a condition termed 'Hyperglycemia'. 
In response to the high blood sugar levels, your pancreas makes more and more insulin, the overworked cells in your pancreas try to keep up but they slowly lose their ability to make enough insulin. 

These problems may lead to the symptoms of type 2 diabetes if you have questions about type 2 diabetes or any medications you have been prescribed speak with your doctor it is important to take your medications as advised by your doctor to tell him or her about any side effects you have.

Type 2 Diabetes Signs & Symptoms

Recognizing the early signs and symptoms and getting treatment overcomes the risk of severe life-changing and life-threatening complications. Type 2 diabetes often comes on slowly and silently and many people don't realize what's appearing to them the early signs and symptoms typically include the following;
• Frequent Urination
• Increased Hunger
• Increased Thirst
• Tiredness
• Blurry vision
• Slow Healing of Cuts and Wounds
• Dangerous Infections
• Pain in the Extremities
• Inefficient Blood Circulation
• Nerve Damage
• Tingling or Numbness in the Hands and Feet
• Dark Skin Patches
• Itchiness
• Burning
• Redness
• Soreness etc.

Managing or Avoiding Type 2 Diabetes

You can develop type 2 diabetes(T2D) at any age and in most cases it is preventable. Type 2 diabetes is becoming more and more common even amongst children, today at least 1 out of 3 people will develop type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. If you're at risk for developing type 2 diabetes your doctor will prescribe a simple blood test called 'a1c test'. This test measures your average glucose levels or blood sugar levels over the past two to three months some risk factors for type 2 diabetes are being;
‣ Overweight
‣ Family History of Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is a serious disease and if left unmanaged can cause various serious health issues such as;
‣ Skin Problems
‣ Eye Problems
‣ Blindness
‣ Nerve Damage etc. That can result in 'Numbness and Tingling' most often in the legs and feet. With proper management, a person with type 2 diabetes can decrease these risks of developing these complications;
1. Learn about Diabetes.


2. Know your ABCs which stands for hemoglobin a1c or blood sugar level 'B for Blood Pressure' and 'C for Cholesterol'.
3. Eat a healthy diet low in saturated fat, trans fat, sugar, and salt, make fruits and vegetables a regular habit and skip the sugary drinks.
4. Get moving with at least 30 minutes of exercise every day.
If you're at risk you can take steps to keep from developing type 2 diabetes or if you already have it you'll develop a plan to manage it to the best of your ability.

Difference Between Type 1(T1D) & Type 2 Diabetes(T2D)

Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the person's body damages the insulin-producing cells. These people do not produce insulin so they must replace insulin using insulin injections or insulin pump therapy.
‣ In Type 2 Diabetes, insulin is produced however it may be produced an insufficient amount & the insulin that is produced does not work properly.

Prevent Children from Type 2 Diabetes

• Create Healthy Habits for the Whole Family
• Drink Water, Limit Sugary Drinks
• Eat more Fruits and Vegetables
• Find steps to make favorite foods healthier
• Make Physical Activity Fun Etc.

Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes

Lose a Modest amount of Weight, Become Moderately Physically Active.
• Make Changes in Lifestyle
• Make Healthier Food Choices
• Balanced Diet
• Habitual Exercise
Sleep Adequacy Etc.

Diagnosis of Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes sugar in the form of glucose to accumulate in the blood rather than being used as fuel by the cells in our body, diabetes is diagnosed by laboratory blood tests;
• The Fasting Blood Glucose Test
• Hemoglobin a1c Test
• Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
The fasting blood glucose test measures blood glucose in a person who has not eaten for at least eight hours of, diabetes is diagnosed when fasting blood glucose is 126 milligrams per deciliter or higher on two separate laboratory tests.
‣ Second test measures hemoglobin a1c which is an estimate of average blood glucose levels over the last 3 months, diabetes is diagnosed when an a1c is 6.5 % or higher on two separate occasions.
Oral glucose tolerance test or 'OGTT' test measures your blood glucose two hours after drinking a glucose liquid, diabetes is diagnosed when the glucose tolerance test level is 200 milligrams per deciliter or higher.
Type 2 Diabetes: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment
If one or more of these tests are positive(+) your doctor will repeat the test to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes, if test results are close to the higher end of normal range your chances of developing diabetes are increased & you may have pre-diabetes. If diabetes is not diagnosed at an early stage or blood glucose levels are not kept in the normal range, many complications can occur. Over time high glucose levels can cause harm to small and large blood vessels, both higher and lower than normal blood glucose levels can affect the eyes; high blood glucose over the long-term causes 'Diabetic Retinopathy' and severely low blood glucose(LBG) causes bleeding inside the eye. Diabetes remains the leading cause of blindness in the US.

Diabetic kidney disease also is known as 'Diabetic Nephropathy' is another serious complication that remains the leading cause of kidney failure, requiring dialysis or kidney transplantation about one in three persons. With diabetes have some degree of nerve damage recognized as diabetic neuropathy at the time of diagnosis most commonly; this causes loss of sensation in the hands and feet damage to large Blood Vessels may cause;
• Heart Attacks
• Strokes
• Blood Flow Problems that can lead to foot ulcers or even amputations, fortunately, diagnosing diabetes at an early stage and managing it well can help slow or prevent many of these complications.

Regular check-ups are important because at the early stages of diabetes & its complications a person may not have any symptoms for the person who has been diagnosed with diabetes. Monitoring is very important to blood glucose monitoring and periodic a1c testing can help you stay on track in controlling your diabetes.

Your doctor will also carry out other lab tests such as 'Monitoring of blood cholesterol and Triglyceride levels' as well as take out a 'Urine Protein Test' to monitor kidney function. Regular foot examinations and preventive care are important especially if you have nerve damage in your feet, your eyes should also be examined regularly for 'Retinopathy Glaucoma' and cataracts. The 'Pneumonia Vaccine and Annual Influenza Vaccines' are recommended for most patients with T2D.

Type 2 diabetes is diagnosed through multiple blood tests. If not diagnosed early or if inadequately controlled diabetes can lead to damage to important organs that impact health and quality of life, regular monitoring of diabetes with your doctor can help prevent these complications or identify them at an early stage while they are still treatable.

Causes and Treatment for Type 2 Diabetes


FaQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

⇌ What does diabetes type 2 mean?
Type 2 diabetes (adult-onset diabetes) is a form of diabetes that is identified by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and a relative lack of insulin.

⇌ Is type 2 diabetes serious?
Yes, Type 2 diabetes is a serious medical condition that often needs the use of anti-diabetic medication, or insulin to keep blood sugar levels under control.

⇌ Can Diabetes Type 2 Be Cured?
Type 2 diabetes is an ongoing disease. Although there's no cure for type 2 diabetes, studies show it's possible for some people Through, diet changes, lifestyle and weight loss. This doesn't mean you're completely cured.

⇌ How did I get Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar level is too high, carbohydrates are substances your body uses to make energy after you eat food that contains carbohydrates. Although genetics and environmental factors seem to be contributing factors.

⇌ What foods cause type 2 diabetes?
Processed meats like bacon, hot dogs, and deli meats are especially bad because of their high levels of sodium and nitrites.

⇌ What is the main cause of diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes is caused by the immune system damaging the cells in the pancreas that make insulin.

⇌ What foods can reverse diabetes?
• Vegetables
• Sweets
• Pastries
• Bread
• Pasta
• Fish
• Chicken
• Lentils(Protein) Etc.
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Jugat Singh Lakha `Z
"An Innocent, Stubborn Boy Who Doesn't Like this Selfish World and Wants to Create a Different World of His Dreams. Also An 'Independent Indian' and A 'Freelance Worker'."
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